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Did You Know?

Bahrain is the only island nation in the Middle East. The country actually is an archipelago of 33 islands, of which Bahrain is the largest.
Home arrow Features arrow Life in the times before air-conditioning
Life in the times before air-conditioning
Article Index
Life in the times before air-conditioning
Page 2: Back to the basics
Page 3: Primitive air conditioning
Page 4: Layout of the home
Page 5: High-rising Manama
By Mika Michael   »   Considering the very difficult climate it is hard to believe how anyone could have survived in Bahrain before the advent of electricity and air-conditioning. But still there have been people living in the country for over 5,000 years. How did they do it?

Indeed, while sitting inside an air-conditioned limousine, driving along the wide boulevards running between the turquoise Arabian Gulf and the modern skyscrapers of the Diplomatic Area in Manama city, it is very difficult to imagine how different the townscapes of the main cities in the Gulf were just a couple of decades ago – before the oil price rise of the Seventies.

At that time many of the now powerful financial centres were just small villages with none of the luxuries of everyday life that were known to the West.

Life went on as it always had, in perfect balance with the nature.

There were no glittering skyscrapers and no air-conditioning which is now an absolute necessity in the Gulf, especially during those steamy summer months July to August when the temperatures soar above 40 C.

(A word of caution here; for people like me who are more used to the cool climes of northern Europe, visiting the Gulf in August is not the most enjoyable experience. After one experience of the lethal combination of extreme heat and humidity, I make sure I visit the Gulf only in winter, which is still like a warm summer to me!)

In cold countries like Finland, where I come from, it was possible to manage without electricity – to get warm people just wore more clothes and added more wood to the fireplace.

But how have people managed here for so many centuries? How can you get you and your house cooler than the surrounding air – without any modern technology and air-conditioning?

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